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Cattle breeding

Despite the growth in dairy cow productivity and milk production in households, which provide more than half of its volume decreased by 5.8%, in agricultural enterprises - by 7.8% compared with 2003. The increase in milk production by 25% was observed only in private (peasant) farms, but their share in the total amount is insignificant. It should be noted that the selling price of 1 ton of milk has increased from 4890 rubles. in 2003 to 7300 rubles. In 2006, nearly 1.5 times. However, it was not a factor in stimulating the development of the sector as both a faster pace increases the cost of milk. In 2006-2007, milk production has stabilized at the expense of some of its gains in agricultural organizations.
In 2009, the situation in the dairy industry has deteriorated dramatically. The reason for the low procurement prices of raw milk and the lack of actual state support.
Russian farmers have already started to cut cattle. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in the first half of 2009 the number of dairy cows has decreased by more than 20 thousand units from 8.5 million. Heads for Russia as a whole.

The rate of consumption of milk and dairy products per capita per year is about 392 kg. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in 2006 the Russian Federation for Human had 239 kg of milk and dairy products, whereas, for example, in the Scandinavian countries - 400-500 kg. In 2009, the first time in several years, in Russia at least 1.1% reduction in the consumption of dairy products.
Dairy farming in Russia - a relatively free niche for agricultural business, there are no high competition. Many dairies are purchasing raw materials abroad, as there is currently insufficient domestic dairy products.
Thus milk consumption growth in the country before the crisis created the benefits of dairy farming.
Currently, Russia is not self-sufficient in raw milk.
According to the Department of Animal Husbandry and Breeding, currently the growth of milk production in Russia continues. In 2009, milk production in farms of all categories amounted to 32.5 million tons, 354 thousand tons or 1.1% more than in 2008. Growth achieved through sustained growth of dairy cows productivity, for the first time in the history of Russian livestock average milk yield per cow on average in the country amounted to more than four thousand kilograms of milk.
According to him, the main reason for the dairy market has been present troubles that cut its own herd of cows. In their farms, there are only 4.5 million. Heads. And so, even though productivity growth, a significant increase in the production of speech does not go.

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